CAWOOD FAMILY CONNECTION
Joshua Cawood born ca 1690; buried 17.4.1738 Otley; married Mary ..?.. ca 1716. She was born ca 1695; buried 27.6.1763 Otley, Yorks
Joshua Cawood born ca 1734 c. 17.11.1734 Otley, Yorkshire (son of Joshua and Mary); d. 29.1.1804 Keighley, Yorkshire; married Mary Lister on 18.4.1756 Otley, Yorkshire. She was the daughter of Thomas Lister and Sarah Midgely and she was christened on 28.4.1732 in Bingley and died 20.5.1818 in Keighley, Yorkshire
David Cawood born 9.4.1775 in Keighley (son of Joshua and Mary); died 2.3.1832 Kaffirdrift, Cape, buried Shaw Park. He married Mary Smith on 9.4.1798 in Bingley; she was christened 13.3.1776 and died 2.1.1822 Trappes Valley, Albany and buried at Shaw Park.
Children of David Cawood and Mary Cawood nee Smith were:
c.1. James Cawood b. 21.10.1798, Cawoods Mill, Keighley; married Annie ..?.. child.1. Florence (1870-1875 Cradock. A farmer.
c.2. William Cawood b. 3.8.1800, Cawoods Mill, Keighley; died 1.7.1877 Cradock, Cape; he married (1st) Martha Senior 10.11.1825 at Bathurst, Cape. She was born in 1812 in Yorkshire and died 12.3.1833 at Kaffirdrift, Albany, Cape. He married (2nd) Sarah Hulley on 15.9.1834 in Grahamstown. She was born on 27.12.1815in Brandon, Kerry, Ireland and died on 11.12 1888 in Cradock, Cape. He was a J.P.
c.3. John Cawood b. 4.7.1802, Cawoods Mill, Keighley; and died 20.4.1846 in Grahamstown
c.4. Joshua Cawood b. 1.4.1804, Cawoods Mill, Keighley and died 1875 at Doorn Draai, Graaff Reinet. He married Mary Manley in Grahamstown on 12.2.1829. She was born about 1808. Their son, Ralph married (1st) Elizabeth Dobson on 30.8.1854 in Port Elizabeth and (2nd) Harriet Martha Freemantle on 12.11.1866 in Hanover, Cape. Ralph Cawood was born on 9.12.1929 at Manley Flats, Grahamstown, Cape and died 22.5.1895 at Vlakfontein, Herbert, Cape
c.5. Elizabeth Cawood b ca 1805/6 at Cawoods Mill, Keighley
c.6. Mary Cawood b. ca 1809 at Bingley, Yorkshire and died 28.9.1873; she married William Hartley on 1.8.1831 at Bathurst, Cape. He was born in October, 1796, Mansfield, Not., the son of Thomas Hartley and Hannah nee Hopkins. He died 5.4.1886 in Kimberley. [He was Municipal Commissioner of Grahamstown]
c.7. Samuel Cawood b. 16.4.1808 at Keighley, christened 26.6.1808 at Bingley, Yorkshire
c.8. Sarah Cawood b. January 1811, Keighley, christened 17.3.1811 at Bingley, Yorkshire; died 10.5.1895 at Graaff Reinet; she married Charles Stewart about 1865 and Robert Kelbrick on 18.11.1833 in Bathurst, Cape.
c.9. Joseph Cawood b. about 1813, Keighley, Yorkshire
c.10. David Cawood b. about 1819 at Keighley but died at sea on ship 'John'.
From: 'The Roll of British Settlers in South Africa' - E. Morse Jones
CAWOOD - David 43, Woollen Manufacturer; wife Mary 34; family James 21; Farmer; children William 1; John 18; Joshua 16; Elizabeth 14; Mary 11; Samuel 11; Sarah 9; Joseph 5; David 1. Party Hayhurst's; ship 'John'
From: 'The Settler Handbook' - M. D. Nash
No 51 on the Colonial Department List, led by Richard Hayhurst of Liverpool, who described himself as a miner and cabinet maker. Hayhurst and Michael Whitley set themselves up as emigration agents in Liverpool, although no official support or sanction, charging would-be emigrants a fee of one pound a head to 'register' their names with government. Their advertisements aroused suspicion and even indignation - one angry member of the public complained to the Colonial Department, 'They are no better than Swindlers, their office is a Public House' - but they served as a rallying point for northcountrymen who were unable to make up parties of their own, and they succeeded in organising a party of 34 men and their families. This was far short of their original aim of 100 families, who would have been entitled to their own chaplain in terms of the emigration scheme. The Rev. William Boardman (who in the event emigrated as chaplain to Willson's party) was entered as chaplain in Hayhurst's early lists, but withdrew to join Willson's party when it became apparent that Hayhurst would not achieve the required number of settlers
This was a joint-stock company, each man paying his own deposit with the exception of Hayhurst's servant Thomas Kidd. Many of them had to sell their furniture and working looms to raise their deposit money, which suggests that a number of the 'farmers' in the party were in fact weavers by trade.
Michael Whitley did not accompany the party, but applied unsuccessfully in July 1820 for permission to take out a further 40 or 50 families who were 'anxiously awaiting an opportunity to follow their relatives and friends'.
The party sailed from Liverpool in the 'John' on 13 January 1820 and reached Table Bay on 19 April and Algoa Bay during May. One of the emigrants, Henry Hudson, died on board the 'John' before sailing, his widow went on to the Cape with the support of her nephew, James Robinson. The party's first location, named Trappes Valley after the Provisional Magistrate of Bathurst, proved inadequate, and further land was assigned to 3 separate divisions under Cawood and Griffiths, Murray and Watson.
From: 'Some Frontier Families' - I.Mitford Barberton & Violet White
This Settler family came from Upwood Farm and Cawood's Mill near Keightly in Yorkshire. According to the Chronicles of Cawood - Cawood Castle in Yorkshire, John de Cawood was Keeper of the Derwent forest in the reign of King John, 1201. Settler David Cawood and his family were located on Cawood's Post, in Albany, but after the Kaffir War of 1835 the family was scattered, and some of the enterprising sons found more satisfactory openings elsewhere for their energy.
As young men Samuel, James, Joshua and David were famous as big game hunters and ivory traders, and in 1830 they went through Kaffirland to Natal on a trading expedition. In those days this was a perilous undertaking, for the tyrant Dingaan was then in full power and showed little mercy on those [black or white] who penetrated into his dominion.
They stayed ten days at the Chief's Kraal. Although he treated them well while they were there, after they had left he treacherously sent an impi to overtake and kill them. Fortunately for them, they took the route along the beach, while the impi took the inland route, and as heavy rain had obliterated their spoor, the Cawood brothers escaped and were spared to take leading parts in the future history of South Africa.
From: 'Roll of the British Settlers in South Africa' - E. Morse Jones
JOSHUA CAWOOD (1804 -1875) Son of David Cawood he sailed in 'John' in 1820. He was married to Mary Manley in 1829. He became a Member of the House of Assembley in 1860 and died at Doorn Draai, Graaff Reinet district.
From: 'The Story of the British Settlers of 1820 in South Africa' - H.E.Hockly
... and the four Cawoods (Samuel, James. Joshua and David) all acquired a great reputation as intrepid big-game hunters, unfortunately their exploits in the field have not been formally recorded, their fame being now a matter of family tradition only.
After Chaka's murder in 1828 and the accession of Dingaan, several settlers found their way from Albany to Natal, among them being the traders and ivory hunters .. James and Joshua Cawood ...
From: Goldswain's Chronicle - van Riebeeck Series - ( extracts)
The family settled at Cawoods Post, near Kaffir Drift, Great Fish River.
David Cawood died 1832.
By June 1832 the Cawood brothers were playing an active part in linking Port Natal and Grahamstown by an overland trading route.
James was the senior partner of the firm of Cawood Brothers, which included William, Samuel and Joseph. The firm had a large business at Grahamstown with country branches.
The brothers were prominent in public affairs in Cape Colony
In 1870 there were 356 members of the family, 9 of whom were originally Settlers.
In 1847 Messrs Cawood and Brothers brought in vessels near to the Kleinmonde River and named the Bay, Port Jessie; it was named after Jessie, daughter of Joseph Cawood; she married William Kelbrick. They opened a large store there according to Goldswain.
The brothers owned a vessel and brought goods from Cape Town to Port Jessie at the mouth of the Kleinmonde River.
JOSEPH CAWOOD - member of the Legislative Council (1859 - 1863.)
# JOSHUA CAWOOD - member of the House of Assembly for Port Elizabeth (1860-1863)
# SAMUEL CAWOOD - member of the House of Assembly (1859) and of the Legislative Council 1883. Afterward Hon. Samuel Cawood. Mayor of Grahamstown.
# JAMES & JOHN - members of expedition into Tembuland and Pondoland (1828),
CAWOOD against Fetcani
# WILLIAM CAWOOD - served in Southey's Corps of Guides (1835) when the forces entered Kaffirland and brought back the Fingo tribe out of slavery. He was present at the death of Hintza, the great paramount chief.
# Note: these four carried on the large mercantile business in Grahamstown, having also several country branches. For some years they were also contractors to the Imperial Forces.
Places named after the family are:
Cawood, near Kimberley and Cawood's Post.